There are several ways in which a novel might be constructed. A novel’s structure will often follow a chronological framework, with tale pieces separated into chapters. However, it should be noted that this is not the only structural choice available to authors.
Taking the Story and Dividing It
Chapters are typically centered on a certain section of the text tied together by a character, a subject, or a specific narrative point. Chapters in longer books may be joined together into even bigger parts, which may be organized according to period or a greater percentage of the story’s overall plot. An important aspect of a book is splitting the property into smaller “chunks”; in fact, a short story to not require such divisions is likely not long enough to qualify as a full-length novel.
Timelines and Points of View are important considerations.
Novels can be structured in various ways, depending on the author’s preference. Instead of narrating a narrative chronologically, the storyteller may switch between different periods to maintain suspense or convey a thematic point, for example. Additionally, rather than focusing on a single character as the only protagonist, novels may vary between the views of numerous characters to create a more complex story. A book can be told either in the first person (by a character) or in the third person (by the author) (narrated by an outside “voice” with varying degrees of knowledge).
Structured in Three Acts
Regardless of the period, the novel’s storyline will frequently follow a three-act form, known as the drama triangle. The first few chapters will be devoted to acquainting readers with the primary cast of characters and the novel’s setting before a specific action, sometimes referred to as the “inciting incident,” upends the status quo and sets the stage for the “true” plot to begin. As a result of this development, the tale (now in “Act 2”) will undergo a sequence of problems as the protagonist attempts to achieve some goal while experiencing hurdles and achieving lesser objectives along the way. At some point in the plot, there will almost always be a significant change that elevates the stakes, building up to the emotional and narrative climax.